What is the “best shoe” you ask?
It depends on what you mean by “best”. Best for your foot or best made? The two are often not the same. A “best shoe” based on quality may be a shoe made of premium leathers, perhaps hand crafted and with a high quality durable leather or rubber sole. For men’s dress shoes, this might be an Allen Edmonds oxford. For women, this could be a Stuart Weitzman pump heel.
The point is, do not mistake “best” quality with “best” for your foot. What is best for your foot is a shoe that is comfortable and well suited for your activity. It could very well be an under $20 pair of shoes from Walmart (which I have seen a number of my patients wearing) or something else ten times as expensive. It all depends. Below are some specific recommendations to help you get started.
I recommend the following brands of shoes and sandals (see below). They generally have better than average arch support and some of them have a remove-able liner, allowing you to use your own orthotic or arch support. Have your foot measured while you are standing. Determine both the length and the width. Then, use that information as a guide to try on shoes. You may very well find that a shoe an entire size larger is the most comfortable. Better yet, take out the shoe liners and stand on them. If your feet fit within the boundary of the liners, the shoes are likely to fit well.
Warm slippers with arch support
If you will be spending a lot of time around the house in slippers and are more accustomed to wearing shoes most of the days, you may be more comfortable in slippers with some arch support. As your feet strengthen and get used to less supportive shoes you could transition to flat slippers or just walking around in socks. In the meanwhile though, the following short list of slippers provide some warmth and also provide arch support: L.L. Bean Wool Slipper Clog, Spenco Supreme Slide, Acorn Dara and Taos Footwear Wool Do (which also has a remove-able foot bed and could accommodate your own orthotic).
Starting to exercise walk or run?
If you are new to walking for exercise or running and do not yet have a favorite shoe and no specific foot problems, I recommend starting out with a light weight neutral shoe with a modest low drop heel. That is, a shoe that uses newer materials to keep each shoe around 8-10 oz., does not support your foot with extra arch support you probably don’t need and keeps the height of the heel a bit but not too much higher than the front of the shoe, taking some pressure off of your knees. Shoes that have these characteristics include New Balance Fresh Foam Arishi, Nike Free RN, Skechers GORUN 400, Reebok Floatride, Asics Roadhawk, Mizuno Wave Shadow, Brooks Asteria and, with a slightly lower heel drop, the popular Saucony Kinvara 11.
(Find out what socks to wear on our ‘sock page‘)
Some of my patients are fiercely loyal about their shoes! Among the brands I hear about the most from my patients are Naot sandals and shoes, Birkenstock sandals and shoes, Dansko clogs and shoes, Hoka One One shoes for running and walking, New Balance shoes for running and walking, Allen Edmonds men’s dress shoes and Samuel Hubbard men’s and women’s shoes. These brands may or may not work for you.
Everyday or dress shoes:
This is by far the most difficult category as women want shoes that are fashionable yet comfortable. High fashion brands know this, and price their shoes accordingly. Do not be surprised if some of these shoes are more expensive than you might expect.
Abeo, Aetrex, Allegria ( with roomy toe area and remove-able foot beds), Aravon, Beautifeel shoes, Cole Haan Grand Collection, Clarks (specifically the Clarks Unstructured collection), Earth Shoes (re-introduced from the 1970s with a negative heel), Hotter (casual plus some dress like the Joanna heel), Mephisto, Merrell, Munro, Naturalizer, Propet, Samuel Hubbard, Stuart Weitzman (the Rialto or Dome pump flats), Thierry Rabotin, Vionic (claim to have enhanced arch support), Waldlaufer (Classic collection for women’s dress shoes) and Ziera shoes which fit orthotics.
(Info on boots at the bottom of the page.)
Florsheim, Hotter, Jambu, a new entry into the comfort shoe market, Johnston & Murphy, P.W.Minor, Rockport (check out the Rockport City Trails Mudgaurd as well as the Rocsports Lite and the Edge Hill), Samuel Hubbard and Timberlands, both shoes and boots.
High Arch: People who have a high arch foot, called a ‘cavus‘ foot, should look for a ‘neutral’ type sneaker. If you have a high arch foot you do not need additional arch support and are usually better off with a ‘neutral’ type shoe. Most of the shoe brand web sites have a filter for you to indicate your foot type. On the Brooks site, you would check ‘neutral’ and not ‘support’. Once you select the correct filter, you should be directed to neutral shoes. In the case of New Balance, you would check ‘neutral’ and not ‘stability’ or ‘motion control’. As an example, New Balance Fresh Foam Cruz and Fresh Foam Zante are neutral and this entire page is a list of New Balance neutral shoes.
This category is HUGE and new brands are frequently entering the market. One rising brand is Swiss made ON and their signature running shoe the ON Cloud with modular foam cells on the sole.
The following are brands/styles I have run in and found to be comfortable. Please note that shoe models change from slightly from year to year. I currently run in Saucony Kivara 11 and find them light weight and comfortable. I previously ran in Saucony Zealot, no longer available, Hoka One One Clifton 4 shoes for several years. I retired my first pair after 450 miles. Both are neutral light cushioned shoes with a roomy toe box. I put 280 miles on Salomon Sense Ride but they developed premature wear under the heel and tearing around the forefoot.
Here is a link to Runner’s World’s 2021 list of notable running shoes from a list of different categories like light weight and cushioned. As always, try them on and see if your feet are comfortable. Tested for 2021 are Hoka One One Mach 4, Addidas Ultraboost 21, New Balance Fresh Foam 1080, Altra Torin 4.5 Plush, Brooks Glycerin 19 and Adrenaline GTS, and Saucony Triumph 18 and Saucony Kinvara 12 among others.
Scroll to bottom of page for info on Hiking, Trail and specialty running shoes.
Running Shoe Finder App: One of the best running shoe rating web sites I have found is at www.runrepeat.com, with lists and rankings based on thousands of reviews. One of the best ‘running shoe finder’ pages I have found is on the Runners World web site. Simply follow the prompts to fill out the details of what you are looking for or what you are wearing and the site will return several suggestions. Here is a link to the shoe finder: http://www.runnersworld.com/shoe-finder/shoe-advisor
Everyday shoes for kids:
For kids’ sneakers I still like New Balance, Asics and Saucony but whatever they are comfortable in is probably fine assuming they are not complaining of foot pain and have no specific foot condition. The more common brands for kids, Nike, Reebok and Addidas are okay but are generally more narrow and do not always have a remove-able liner making those shoes a tighter fit when adding an arch support. Geox are a good choice for a casual shoe that accommodates orthotics if needed and are available in big and small children’s sizes. Remember that kids 12-13 years old or even younger can start shopping in the adult shoe section starting with (big kid) size 6. The challenge is really for teenage girls who need a shoe that can accommodate an arch-support since current fashions for girls favor low cut shoes with no arch support, almost a moccasin.
One brand of casual/dress shoes for girls which seems to work well is Venettini and the specific style is called 55-Lily. These shoes have an added elastic strap that holds the shoe onto the foot more effectively which is important if adding an arch support of some type.
Walking, hopefully, is not too physically demanding and therefore should lend itself to most shoes that fit well. Any good ‘running’ shoe should be fine for walking. A good place to start for just walking would be with the following New Balance walking models for men or women: New Balance 813 for men or women has a very rounded toe box and New Balance 990, an overall oval shape which accommodates most feet as well as the 847 and the 928, which by the way, has plenty of room for foot orthotics. The New Balance 659 is a sturdy and durable walking shoe also okay for walking on trails. I also really like the New Balance 1080, which is a running shoe with a light weight foam mid sole that would be quite nice for walking about.
Brooks Ariel 18 is a road running shoe which has a lot of cushioning and quite suitable for walking. Nike’s Free Rn Fly Knit is a super light weight running shoe with an almost mesh upper that would also be a good choice.
Light Weight, Running and Walking
Light weight has real benefits for shoes. For running, multiple studies have determined that every 100 gram reduction in shoe weight also reduces the amount of energy required to run. Makes sense. I also recommend light weight shoes for daily walking around unless you need a heavier shoe. The past couple of years have seen a large increase in light weight shoes and specifically shoes with a foam type mid sole material that still have some arch support.
I recently had a chance to check out the Addidas Boost running shoes which have ample arch support and are very light weight. Other brands with foam soles that are equally or more light weight include Nike Vaporfly, Nike Epic React and New Balance Fresh Foam, among others.
Hiking shoes and boots:
Brands I can personally recommend include Danner, Five Ten, North Face, Garmont, Merrell, Salomon, Vasque, La Sportiva Wildcat ( I have hiked in Vasque, Garmont, Five Ten Guide Tennies* which have very good traction, and I have run and hiked in La Sportiva Wildcat* and La Sportiva Helios trail running shoes which have good traction and are stable.) Nevados and Timberland are also options. Even the originators of extra cushioned running shoes now provide a hiking boot, a Hoka One One thick soles boot.
Specialty Running Shoes
This is a huge category that now includes road running and trail running shoes as well as minimalist, maximalist (Hoka One) and zero drop shoes (Altra). No research has validated one type of shoe over another as better for preventing injuries. What the research seems to show is that shoe selection is very individual. You should wear what feels most comfortable to you. That being said, some studies have indicated that zero drop shoes may be easier on your knees but worse for your achilles tendon.
Here are the some of the leading catergories:
“Zero Drop” shoes, meaning the height of the heel and the height of the forefoot are equal: Altra.
Extra cushioning: Hoka One One -this brand is gaining a lot of attention recently and was worn by Karl Metlzer who in September 2016 completed the fastest know time for completing the Appalachian Trail
This is a large category, especially for women trying to wear fashionable and comfortable boots. Here are several ideas to consider.
Consider Chaco boots. They have mastered foot friendly sandals very popular out west and now have boots available. Dansko, the clog company, has also been making closed shoes and offers boots as well. Their clogs, shoes and boots have a stable supportive platform and room for the toes. A new entrant into foot friendly shoes is Strivefootwear with a small offering of boots, but worth considering. Another brand to consider is Tom’s which donates proceeds from their sales to causes around the globe. Their styles are generally sensitive to comfort. Vionics has made a name for itself with sandals and shoes that include arch support. They also sell fall boots with a foot bed you can remove. And of course, I have to mention Uggs classic short boot as well as other Ugg styles. I recommend wearing a sock of some sort with Uggs to prevent sweating up the interior of the boots. And, ‘cowboy’ boots can also be considered. While they appear pointy at the toes, the foot bed is actually elongated, providing adequate toe room. Two leading brands are Ariat (which I have personal experience with the Heritage Ropers) and Justin boots.
If you have any history of heel pain or fasciitis in the past and plan to wear sandals for an extended time during the summer I would recommend a pair with built in arch support. If you have no history of foot problems, than wear whatever is
comfortable. I am okay with flat sandals or even flip flops if you have no foot issues. On the other hand, I do see some patients who develop heel pain after a summer of wearing flat flip flops. I would recommend acclimating to wearing fit flops or sandals, increasing the length of time you wear them each day by a few hours.
Several sandals incorporate generous amounts of arch support, among them Abeo, Allegria sandals (which accommodate orthotics), Chacos, Birkenstocks, Fit Flops, Keen (sandals and water shoes), Israeli Naot sandals, Hawaii inspired OloKai, Reef (more flip flop than sandal), Rainbow (in leather, hemp and rubber materials) and Teva brands.
* reviewed by Dr. Friedman here.